Cardiomyopathies

About Cardiomyopathies

Cardiomyopathies are a group of inherited disorders that cause the heart muscle to enlarge, making it difficult for the heart to function effectively. There are five main types of myopathies:

Cardiomyopathies make it harder for the heart to deliver blood around the body and can eventually lead to heart failure. It is therefore important that you are thoroughly examined and appropriately managed by the best heart doctor in Jackson Heights.

The early stages of cardiomyopathies are not usually associated with any symptoms. However as the condition progresses, individuals may experience some of the following signs and symptoms:

  • Breathlessness on exertion, progressing to breathlessness even at rest as the condition worsens
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting
  • Swelling in the ankles, feet and legs
  • Buildup of fluid in the abdomen causing bloating
  • Irregular heartbeat and/or palpitations

While the exact cause of cardiomyopathies is not known, vascular doctors in Jackson Heights link a number of factors to the increased risk for these disorders. These include:

  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Use of illicit drugs
  • Untreated high blood pressure
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Family history

Cardiomyopathies can lead to a host of complications such as heart failure, blood clots, problems with the function of the heart valves, cardiac arrest and sudden death. It is useful to note that cardiomyopathies can be successfully treated especially when detected in the early stages. Your Jackson Heights cardiologist may include lifestyle changes, certain medications and/or various procedures as part of your treatment plan.

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