Coronary Artery Disease

About Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease is the name of the condition that occurs when fatty deposits known plaque buildup in the arteries that supply blood to the heart, the coronary arteries. As a result the arteries become narrower and blood flow to the heart is restricted. In this way coronary artery disease can lead to death, making it a big concern for heart doctors in Jackson Heights.

Coronary artery disease is most commonly associated with a gripping pain in the chest known as angina. Angina is characterized by pressure or tightness in the chest and is normally triggered by physical or emotional stress. Other symptoms of coronary artery include shortness of breath that arises when your body cannot pump enough oxygen around the body. Patients with shortness of breath usually experience extreme fatigue upon exertion.

Individuals with completely blocked coronary arteries may experience a heart attack, characterized by a crushing pressure in the chest and pain that spreads to the shoulder and left arm.

To prepare for the test you should:

Vascular doctors in Jackson Heights recognize the following risk factors for coronary artery disease:

  • Smoking.
  • High cholesterol levels.
  • Diabetes.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Obesity.
  • Age.
  • Consuming excess alcohol.

Your Jackson Heights cardiologist will perform a complete cardiac evaluation if you fall into any of the above categories or have experienced any of the listed symptoms. Based upon the evaluation you will be provided with a personalized treatment plan. The treatment plan may comprise of one or more of the following:

  • Lifestyle changes focusing on regular physical activity and a healthy diet.
  • Medications for preventing coronary artery disease, lowering cholesterol, reducing blood pressure, managing diabetes and rescue therapy for angina attacks.
  • Medical procedures: A percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), also known as an angioplasty, is a used to block narrowed arteries. A coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) reroutes blood to bypass the blockage.

It is important that you understand your treatment plan fully and adhere to it for maximal benefit.

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